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Articles tagged: Postgres connections

Today, we are excited to announce PostgreSQL 14’s General Availability (GA) on Azure’s Hyperscale (Citus) option. To our knowledge, this is the first time a major cloud provider has announced GA for a new Postgres major version on their platform one day after the official release.

Starting today, you can deploy Postgres 14 in many Hyperscale (Citus) regions. In upcoming months, we will roll out Postgres 14 across more Azure regions and also release it with our new Flexible Server option in Azure Database for PostgreSQL.

This announcement helps us bring the latest in Postgres to Azure customers as new features become available. Further, it shows our commitment to open source PostgreSQL and its ecosystem. We choose to extend Postgres and share our contributions, instead of creating and managing a proprietary fork on the cloud.

In this blog post, you’ll first get a glimpse into some of our favorite features in Postgres 14. These include connection scaling, faster VACUUM, and improvements to crash recovery times.

We’ll then describe the work involved in making Postgres extensions compatible with new major Postgres versions, including our distributed database Citus as well as other extensions such as HyperLogLog (HLL), pg_cron, and TopN. Finally, you’ll learn how packaging, testing, and deployments work on Hyperscale (Citus). This last part ties everything together and enables us to release new versions on Azure, with speed.

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It’s been an eventful time for Hyperscale (Citus) lately. If you’re interested in Postgres, distributed databases, and how to handle ever growing needs for your Postgres application or simply use Hyperscale (Citus), keep reading.

Citus is an open source extension to Postgres that enables horizontal scaling of your Postgres database. Citus distributes your Postgres tables, writes, and SQL queries across multiple nodes—parallelizing your workload and enabling you to use the memory, compute, and disk of a multi-node cluster. And Citus is available on Azure: Hyperscale (Citus) is a deployment option in Azure Database for PostgreSQL.

What’s really exciting to me is that we’ve made it easier and cheaper than ever to try and use Hyperscale (Citus). With Basic tier, you can now use Hyperscale (Citus) on a single node, parallelizing your operations and adopting a distributed database model from the very beginning. And you can now try Citus open source with a single docker run command—boom!

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Andres Freund

Improving Postgres Connection Scalability: Snapshots

Written byBy Andres Freund | October 25, 2020Oct 25, 2020

I recently analyzed the limits of connection scalability, to understand the most effective way to improve Postgres’ handling of large numbers of connections, and why that is important. I concluded that the most pressing issue is snapshot scalability.

This post details the improvements I recently contributed to Postgres 14 (to be released Q3 of 2021), significantly reducing the identified snapshot scalability bottleneck.

As the explanation of the implementation details is fairly long, I thought it’d be more fun for of you if I start with the results of the work, instead of the technical details (I’m cheating, I know ;)).

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One common challenge with Postgres for those of you who manage busy Postgres databases, and those of you who foresee being in that situation, is that Postgres does not handle large numbers of connections particularly well.

While it is possible to have a few thousand established connections without running into problems, there are some real and hard-to-avoid problems.

Since joining Microsoft last year in the Azure Database for PostgreSQL team—where I work on open source Postgres—I have spent a lot of time analyzing and addressing some of the issues with connection scalability in Postgres.

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Craig Kerstiens

Scaling Connections in Postgres

Written byBy Craig Kerstiens | May 10, 2017May 10, 2017

There are a number of applications out there that have a high number of connections to Postgres. What’s high? That all depends on your application, but generally when you get to the few hundred connection area in Postgres you’re in the higher end. Anything in the thousands is definitely in the high territory, and even several hundred can put strain on your application. Generally a safe level for connections should be somewhere around 300-500 connections. This may seem low if you’re already running with thousands of connections, but it’s likely perfectly fine with pgBouncer taking care of the heavy lifting for you. Let’s drill into why a bit further.

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Lukas Fittl

Postgres tips for Rails developers

Written byBy Lukas Fittl | April 28, 2017Apr 28, 2017

This week at RailsConf, we found ourselves sharing a lot of tips for using PostgreSQL with Rails. We thought it might be worthwhile to write up many of these and share more broadly. Here you’ll find some tips that will help you in debugging and improving performance of your database from your Rails app.

And now, on to the code.

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